maps of the Military Roads see NLS
Roads and Fortifications in the Highlands with bridges
and milestones, Thomas Wallace, PSAS, Vol 45, (1910-1911),
account of the Military Roads built after the Rising
of 1715 to allow more effective control of the Highlands.
Prior to that time there were only rough tracks, if
any at all, that made access to many areas very difficult.
Details of all the new roads and bridges are given as
well as of the forts built at the same time.
Military Road from Braemar to the Spittal of Glen Shee,
Angus Graham, PSAS, Vol.97, (1963-64), pps 226-236
author traces the course of this road, built about 1750,
and provides detailed descriptions of those sections
that still remain, along with historical details of
its construction. Bridges on the route are also described.
and bridges in the Scottish Highlands: the route between
Dunkeld and Inverness, 1725 -1925, G R Curtis, PSAS,
Vol 110, (1978-80), pps 475-96
paper examines the roads and bridges constructed in
the Highlands by the Military authorities (the Wade
and Caulfield roads), the Parliamentary Commission for
Highland Roads and Bridges, and the Ministry of Transport
in its early days. Details of how the roads were constructed
in each period are given based on excavations undertaken
prior to the A9 Trunk Road reconstruction, as well as
descriptions of bridges in each period.
Military Roads in Scotland, William Taylor, David and
Charles, Newton Abbot, 1976
work gives a complete account of the Military Roads
built in the Highland and South-West of Scotland by
Wade and Caulfield between 1725 and 1767 as a response
to the threat of Jacobite unrest in the Highlands and,
in the case of south-west Scotland, to facilitate movement
of troops to Ireland. The author describes each of the
roads giving details of their financing, how they were
constructed and difficulties that were encountered.
A section of the book describes what can be seen of
the roads today.
Military Road.To Portpatrick, 1763, Arnott, M.C., DGNHAS
III 28 120
paper examines correspondence of Major William Rickman
relating to the construction of the Military Road in
1763. The letters cover issues such as how work parties
were organised, work rates expected of the men, the
progress they were making and construction difficulties.
It is clear that lengthy and troublesome negotiations
had to be carried out wirth some landowners about the
course of the road, and he was often approached to change
the course of the road to suit local interests. He complains
about difficulties with the Treasury on financing. The
section of the road constructed during the period of
the letters was from the Tarff through Gatehouse of
Fleet to Newton Stewart.
Notes on the Old Military Road in Dumfries and Galloway,
Anderson, A.D., DGNHAS III 72 79
author identifies what remains of the road at various
locations on its route, using various sources of evidence.
He provides a list of sections that have either been
obliterated or not yet identified.
A Walker's Companion to the Wade Roads, Joan and Arthur
Baker, Perth: The Melven Press, 1982
describing what the Highlands were like prior to road
building, the authors explain the historical background
to the Jacobite unrest and how Wade was appointed to
prepare a report on the state of the Highlands and recommend
what should be done.
As part of an overall military strategy for controlling
the Highlands, he recognised the need for the provision
of roads and bridges, specifically the linking of Fort
William, Fort Augustus and Fort George (this was in
Inverness and not the present Fort George which was
built later) and Ruthven Barracks and to link these
to the road system of the Lowlands.
This led to the building of the Great Glen Road linking
the forts, the Dunkeld to Inverness road which continued
the Edinburgh - Perth - Dunkeld road, the Crieff to
Dalnacardoch road which continued the Glasgow - Stirling
- Crieff road through Aberfeldy to Dalnacardoch where
it joined the Dunkeld - Inverness road, the Dalwhinnie
to Fort Augustus road and a link road between the Dalwhinnie
- Fort Augustus road and the Dunkeld - Inverness road.
describe how the roads were built and then provide detailed
descriptions of the routes followed by each road and
what can be seen today.
Loch Lomondside Military Road, James Chirrey, Dumbarton
District Libraries, 1984
Wade in Scotland, Edinburgh and London, J B Salmond,
The Moray Press, 1934
Roads, Regiments and Rebellions : A Brief History of
the Life and Work of General George Wade (1673-1748)
the Father of the Military Roads in Scotland, Colin
McCall, Amolibros (SOLCOL), 2003
the Scottish Highlands: General Wade's Military Roads,
Michael Pollard & Tom Ang, Andre Deutsch, London,
Highways: Old Roads in Atholl, John Kerr, John Donald,
18th century military road in the Scottish Highlands
and 3 of its bridges (Scottish History Online
of a project to preserve three bridges on a stretch
of military road near Corgarff.