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Statistical Accounts of Scotland


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Arroquhar Cumbernauld New Kilpatrick Luss
Bonhill Dumbarton Old Kilpatrick Rosneath
Cardross Kilmaronock Kirkintilloch Row (Rhu)

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The OSA references below are to the Edina site. In most cases they are to the main entry on roads for each parish but some additional links are provided to other relevant information. When Edina page appears go to Non-Subscribers: browse scanned pages for the link.

NSA references are to the GoogleBooks site, usually to the means of communication section. There may be other passing references to roads in a parish account.

Additional information about parishes can be found on the Vision of Britain site.

ArrocharLussKilmaronockRhuRosneathCardrossBonhillDumbartonOld KilpatrickNew KilpatrickKirkintillochCumbernauld


OSA - on Edina page go to Non-Subscribers: browse scanned pages
The main roads are maintained by the government. The Inverary road is in good order although the Tarbert to Tyndrum road is poor as it has been neglected at several places, particularly at Farkin and Craig-an-aren. It is too steep and could have been brought along the loch side for little extra expense. The remaining roads are paid for by the tenants and cottagers. The assessments raise more money than is necessary to maintain the roads here - as the surplus is used in other parishes, this is felt unfair.
Post arrives from Inverary and Dumbarton at 8 pm everyday except Wednesday.
The most common fuel is peat although farmers near Loch Long can obtain coal.

The nearest markets are Helensburgh and Dumbarton but both are about 20 miles away.
Means of Communication There is a daily post and two carriers pass through the parish each week. In the summer, steamers sail on Loch Long and Loch Lomond. There is no mail or heavy coach but in the summer there is a coach between Tarbert and Inverary. Chaises, gigs and carts can be hired from the inns at Tarbert and Arrochar.
Roads and bridges are generally very good except for two miles on Long Long and one of the bridges. There are 15 miles or so of road along Loch Lomond with fine views.


Old direction sign at Duck Bay

Coal, lime and heavy goods sail someway up the Leven and are then pulled by horses for the rest of their journey. No mention of roads.

No mention of roads.






OSA ; ferries
There are two main roads - one to Loch Lomond and one along the Clyde. They are paid for by the statute labour. Other roads are poor.
There are four ferries over the Leven, two of these from charter evidence are very old.

The nearest market town is Dumbarton but Greenock and Port-Glasgow on the other side of the Clyde are also frequented. In addition Helensburgh takes much produce from the western part of the parish.
There are two and a half miles of turnpike between Dumbarton and Renton and seven and a half miles to Helensburgh. A coach runs along the Renton road to Loch Lomond each day. The only way of travelling west is by steamboat.
Dumbarton is the post town and the mail runs each day on these roads.
The main statute labour roads are Cardross to Renton and Ardmore ferry to Balloch ferry - both these ferries are currently being improved.

The new Edinburgh to Glasgow turnpike passes through. The other roads are statute labour.

NSA; Roman road
A Roman road running to Castlecary from the south can be seen in Fannyside moss.
There are about 20 miles of turnpike in the parish as well as parish roads, and these enable the farmers to get their produce to markets and obtain lime and manure to improve their lands.
A railroad between Edinburgh and Glasgow is to be built through the parish and will run close to the Forth and Clyde Canal and Agricola’s Wall.
Cumbernauld used to have a weekly market and still has two fairs with some business done at the fair in May. A horse race is held at the August fair but proves to be a nuisance. The nearest market towns are Falkirk and Glasgow. Post comes from Glasgow and Denny.
Several coaches run through each day, viz. the mail coach to Crieff and Perth; another coach to Auchterarder and Perth; a coach to Edinburgh by Linlithgow and one to Alloa by Falkirk; and two to Stirling. In summer a coach often runs to Callendar and the Trossachs each day.
The canal is much used for passenger traffic and coaches run from Wyndford Loch to Stirling, Perth, Alloa etc and from No.16 (lock at Camelon, near Falkirk) to Dunfermline and Kirkcaldy.


Dumbarton from West Ferry location




The parish has excellent roads made by the military and a turnpike to Glasgow. There are packs daily to Greenock and Port Glasgow and a stage coach three times a week to Glasgow.

Means of Communication   Steamers sail twice daily to Greenock and Glasgow.
Letters are sent twice daily to Glasgow and daily to Helensburgh, Luss and Drymen. In summer a coach leaves Dumbarton each day for Balloch where the Loch Londond steamer can be caught. On return the evening steamer to Glasgow can be caught.
A bridge, 300 feet long, was built over the Leven in 1765 at a cost of 2500 Sterling. Eight-five years earlier an attempt was made to build a bridge but this enterprise came to nothing.

Coals are brought from Kilpatrick some 12/14 miles away. The military road between Stirling and Dumbarton passes through. There is a modern bridge over the Endrick. The turnpike to Glasgow by Easter Kilpatrick (New Kilpatrick or Bearsden) is nearly complete.

Means of Communication   The Drymen and Dumbarton penny-post runs through the parish along the turnpike road between these places. There is also a road between Drymen and Glasgow on which a coach runs twice a week in winter and three times a week in summer. Carriers from Buchanan and Drymen travel through to Glasgow once a week.
There is an old bridge over the Endrick on the Drymen road.
There are two fairs in the parish: one for horses and one for milk cows.
As well as peat, coal carted from Garscube, Kilpatrick, and from places on the Leven is used.

New or East Kilpatrick (Clydebank, Knightswood, Milngavie)
Two turnpikes from Glasgow to Drymen and Balfron are being constructed. There is a need for an east-west road.

The causeway (Roman) at New Kilpatrick is mentioned.
Glasgow is the nearest market town. Shops are available in Milngavie. There used to be a fair near the church for milch-cows but hardly any any attend this nowadays.
Means of Communication  A penny post runs to Glasgow each lawful day and there are post offices at Milngavie and New Kirk.
There are eleven miles of turnpike - the road to Dumbarton and the roads to Balfron and Drymen. A coach runs to Glasgow each day from Milngavie and three times a week from Drymen and Balfron respectively. The Forth and Clyde Canal is used to carry coal from the mine at Temple and stone from the quarry at Garscube. Dung from Greenock is sometimes delivered but it is as cheap to obtain it from Glasgow by road.
There are three bridges over the Kelvin and a fine new private bridge to Garscube House. There is also an aqueduct to carry the canal over this river. There are three small bridges over the Allender and others over smaller streams.
Since the last Account the roads are greatly improved and there is now no difficulty in obtaining manure.

Old Kilpatrick
OSA ; Roman obelisk
The roads are good, carts are widely used in the parish.
At Sandyford, before the road was repaired and a bridge suitable for horses and carriages built, a Roman obelisk taken from the Wall was used as a footbridge. A bridge over the Duntocher Burn is thought to be Roman.
Thirty years ago carriages could travel no great distance because of the lack of bridges. Even the great road to Dumbarton and the west Highlands could be affected. However, about 20 years ago the Duke of Argyle and others funded 8 miles of road from the east of this parish to Dunbarton to be repaid from tolls. This project has been very successful and of great benefit. The surplus of the toll income supplements the statute labour money which is L63.6.8 Sterling and is assessed at 10/- Sterling on each 100 L Scots of valued rent and 2/- per householder.
A ferry lies almost opposite the church and is used by foot passengers, horses and carriages.

NSA; Roman bridge; foot bridge
In a description of the sights that can be seen along the river Clyde, the author notes the fine views that can be had from the public road at Dalnotter Hill just before Old Kilpatrick and Impel Hill on leaving the village.
There is disagreement among antiquarians as to whether a bridge at Duntocher is Roman or not. There is a stone beside it which notes that it was repaired in 1772 and states that it was built in the time of Hadrian.
The nearest market town is Dumbarton and there are several villages in the parish.
Means of Communication   A stage coach runs from Duntocher to Glasgow each day and there are frequent carriers between Glasgow and Dumbarton. The chief means of travel however is by steamboats which run nearly every hour. These call at the Brick-house, Erskine Ferry, Bowling and Dunglass.
There are 12 miles of turnpike road and 16 miles of statute labour road - all are in fine condition. The Forth and Clyde canal runs through the parish and is convenient for the transport of coal and manure. Mail is received daily from Dumbarton and Glasgow.

A road between Edinburgh and Glasgow passes through.

NSA; bridge
Means of Communication   Roads in the parish are: the Edinburgh to Glasgow road by Kilsyth; Parkburn to Inchbelly; Inchbelly to Shirva, Twechar and Auchinvole; Willhead to Gartcloss etc; Oxgang to Bedow and Mossfinnin Bridge; Townhead to Boghead; Gartcommon to Badenheath and Deerdyke to Shangan.
Road money is rated at L2 Sterling on every L100 of valuation as well as being raised on 20 horses belonging to carters in the town - it totals L148.
The writer gives details of the Monkland and Kirkintilloch railway and considerable details of the Forth and Clyde canal. Seven fast iron-boats carry passengers on the canal - these totalled nearly 24,000 in 1837. Numerous bridges and drawbridges have been built to allow crossing of public and private roads by the canal.
Several roads and bridges are listed in a description of the boundaries resulting from a division of the parish: these are a bridge on the road from Campsie, the coal-road, the High Street, Cowgate and Broadcroft, Hillhead Bridge, and the Longmuir and Twechar roads.
Three fairs are held each year, mainly for cattle. Letters come from Glasgow and Falkirk but the Campsie post has been withdrawn.

OSA; stepping stones
Mention in passing of high roads on each side of Loch Lomond.
At the Channel of Falloch at the north of Loch Lomond there are stepping stones which are 4 or 5 feet under water.

The level of Loch Lomond has risen by several feet: there are stepping stones over the Falloch at the north end of the loch which are now several feet below the surface and an island in Camstraddan bay where a house once stood but is now only a heap of stones.

Military bridge at Culag, 2 miles north of Luss, on the old military road from Dumbarton to Inverary

The nearest market town is Helensburgh although the demand for produce is mostly in the summer. As a result produce is also taken throughout the year to Greenock which can be easily reached by water.
Means of Communication  There are excellent turnpikes to Helensburgh and Dumbarton. The post road from Dumbarton to the Highlands runs through here along the side of Loch Lomond. There is a road in the south of the parish with a branch at Red House to Glen Fruin and another to Helensburgh. Altogether there are some 14 miles of turnpike.
Luss has a post office with deliveries from Inverary and Dumbarton each day.
There are bridges over the Froon, Finlas, Luss and Douglas. Those on the roads to Glen Froon and Helensburgh are old and narrow. Areas near Loch Lomond are easily accessed by boat but the Leven can only be navigated by very small boats making it unsuitable for communication by water. There had been plans in the past both to deepen the river or to build a canal which would allow such communication but opposition from local proprietors has prevented these schemes from being carried into effect. So too with a plan for a canal between Loch Lomond and the head of Loch Long at Tarbert.
There is an annual fair for sheep and lambs at Luss.


Looking towards Rosneath parish

No particular mention of roads.

The main market is Greenock which is reached by regular boats from the ferries at Row and Kilcraigin.
Means of Communication   Although there are no turnpikes there are 24 miles of excellent carriage roads which with few exceptions make communications within the parish very easy. Until fairly recently Greenock was reached by open packet boat from Row and Kilcraigin and was much subject to delay because of the weather and the tides. Since steamboats came into use there is no difficulty in reaching Greenock. The Gareloch can be crossed by row-boat.
There is a daily penny-post from Helensburgh.

A road between Inverary and Dunbarton has been made by the Duke of Argyll.

The town of Helensburgh has a weekly market and four fairs. Several steamboats sail daily to Glasgow and there is a postal service from Dumbarton and Greenock. The turnpike road between Dumbarton and Arrochar runs 16 miles through the parish and a new road from Helensburgh to Luss and the Balloch ferry makes it much easier to reach these places.















































































































Interesting Points

The main roads are maintained by the government. The other roads are paid for by the tenants and cottagers but the surplus from the money raised is used in other parishes which is felt unfair.

Coal, lime and heavy goods sail someway up the Leven and are then pulled by horses for the rest of their journey.

Charter evidence shows that two of the ferries over the Leven are very old.

A Roman road running to Castlecary from the south can be seen in Fannyside moss. Coaches run to and from the canal for the convenience of passengers travelling on the canal.

In the 1680’s a bridge over the Leven was proposed but this came to nothing.

Old Kilpatrick
At Sandyford, a Roman obelisk taken from the Wall was used as a footbridge. A bridge over the Duntocher Burn is thought to be Roman.
A ferry lies almost opposite the church and is used by foot passengers, horses and carriages.

Parish map Seven fast iron-boats carry passengers on the Forth & Clyde canal - these totalled nearly 24,000 in 1837.

The level of Loch Lomond has risen by several feet: there are stepping stones over the Falloch at the north end of the loch which are now several feet below the surface.
There had been unsuccessful plans for a canal beside the Leven and for one between Loch Lomond and Loch Long.