Roads and Fortifications in the Highlands with bridges
and milestones, Thomas Wallace, PSAS, Vol 45, (1910-1911),
account of the Military Roads built after the Rising
of 1715 to allow more effective control of the Highlands.
Prior to that time there were only rough tracks, if
any at all, that made access to many areas very difficult.
Details of all the new roads and bridges are given as
well as of the forts built at the same time.
Ancient Bridges in Scotland, and their relation to the
Roman and Mediaeval bridges in Europe, Harry R G Inglis,
PSAS, Vol 46 (1911-12), pp 151-177
author identifies nine periods of bridge construction:
Roman; pre and post Reformation; "Collection"
bridges; local, shire and military; and three consecutive
phases of turnpike bridges. He notes that after the
time of the Romans nothing seems to have been built
until the early Middle Ages. The earliest bridges in
Scotland were of wood, and were constructed from the
13th century onwards. Stone bridges began to appear
around 1500, as was the case elsewhere in Europe.
Roads and Bridges in the Early History of Scotland,
Harry R G Inglis, PSAS, Vol 47, (1912-13), pp303-33
is a very useful account of roads and bridges up to
the 16th century. Topics covered are references in early
literature; references in contemporary documents including
early mentions of placenames like Bridgend; the comparative
chronology of bridges focussing on structural details
as indicators of age; the history of the main Pre-Reformation
bridges; and roads and bridges in the Pre-Reformation
The Most Ancient Bridges in Britain, Harry R G. Inglis,
PSAS Vol 49 (1914-15), 256-74
is similar to the above paper but covers England and
Ireland as well as Scotland.
Ferries, Floats and Bridges near Lanark, Thomas Reid,
PSAS, Vol 47, (1912-13), pps 209-256
author details all the crossings on the River Cyde from
near Abington to Crossford, below Lanark, as well as
on the Mouse which runs into the Clyde at Lanark. As
well as giving the history of the crossings, he details
the associated routes, some of considerable antiquity.
and bridges in the Scottish Highlands: the route between
Dunkeld and Inverness, 1725 -1925, G R Curtis, PSAS,
Vol 110, (1978-80), pps 475-96
paper examines the roads and bridges constructed in
the Highlands by the Military authorities (the Wade
and Caulfield roads), the Parliamentary Commission for
Highland Roads and Bridges, and the Ministry of Transport
in its early days. Details of how the roads were constructed
in each period are given based on excavations undertaken
prior to the A9 Trunk Road reconstruction, as well as
descriptions of bridges in each period.
of the Solway Until A.D. 1307 George Neilson, 1899
is a detailed history of the Solway and surrounding
country from Roman times to the death of Edward I on
his last incursion into Scotland. It contains much interesting
information about the fording points as well as references
that will be found useful in reconstructing early routes.
Some images of early maps are included.
giving details of several suspension bridges designed
and built by Harper and Co., mostly in the north-east
Ferries in Scotland, Marie Weir, John Donald, 1988
is a comprehensive study of ferries in Scotland whether
on rivers, estuaries, sea lochs, or to the islands.
Over 400 sites are identified, some very early and often
predating bridges. Details are given of their origin
along with interesting details of their operation and
how they developed over the years. The book is fully
illustrated with old prints and photographs.
Public Roads and Bridges in Dumfriesshire 1650 - 1820,
James Robertson, G.C. Book Publishers, Wigton, 1993
is a valuable resource as it makes the original text
of the Minutes of the Commissioners of Supply and other
records readily available to readers. After an introductory
overview of the history of early roads in Dumfriesshire,
extracts and summaries of the Minutes that deal with
roads and bridges, along with commentary, are given.
These allow a detailed insight into the development
of the road system in Dumfries-shire along with the
associated bridges. The book is illustrated with photos
of bridges and contains a county map of 1807 showing
all the main roads.
The Braw New Coat - The Building of Ayr New Brig, AANHS
Collections, 2nd Series, 1961
paper details the long and complicated processes behind
the building of this bridge which was needed as a replacement
for the decaying Auld Brig. The new bridge was opened
in 1788 but was washed away in floods in the 1870's.
the Dee at Kirkcudbright, T.R.Collin, Stewartry Museum,
many years it had been hoped to replace the old and
inconvenient ferry at Kirkcudbright with a newly built
bridge. The passing of the Stewartry Road Bill afforded
an opportunity for this as it allowed for funding of
50 per cent to be raised from local property owners
and 50 per cent from subscriptions. The author details
the enthusiastic fund-raising that was carried out,
including a bazaar, the placing of the contract for
the bridge, and its formal opening in 1868. By 1926
it was proving inadequate for the amount of traffic
and was replaced by the present day bridge.
Ruddock, Bridges and Roads in Scotland: 1400 - 1750,
in Loads and Roads in Scotland and Beyond, ed. A.Fenton
& G.Stell, Edinburgh 1984 (John Donald), 78-91
paper is best read in conjunction with Inglis' three
earlier papers (above) as it is to a large extent a
re-examination of his findings in the light of new evidence
and further inspections of the bridges. The focus is
on the physical structure of the bridges with details
given on types of foundation, on rubble arches, and
some comment on the roads.
G.M., The Bridge of Dee, Aberdeen, 1913
Bridges, Gillian Nelson, West Port Books, Edinburgh
2006 (2nd.edition); also Aberdeen University Press 1990
Ancient Bridge of Stirling: Investigations 1988-2000,
Ronald Page, Scottish Archaeological Journal. EUP, Vol
23 pt.2 (Sept 2001)
Prehistoric Ford near Rough Castle, Falkirk, Janice
Hamilton, Ciara Clarke, Andrew Dunwell & Richard
Tipping, Scottish Archaeological Journal. EUP, Vol 23
pt.2 (Sept 2001)
Building of Auldgirth Bridge, G W Shirley, DGNHAS, III,
Bridge, Dundrennan – A Monastic Structure?, Alex Anderson
and James Williams, DGNHAS, III, 81, 71
third widening of Fleet Bridge, Gatehouse 1964-65, Alex
D Anderson, Journal of the Institution of Municipal
Engineers, Vol. 96, September 1969, 262-266
Heritage of Bridges between Edinburgh, Kelso and Berwick,
R Paxton & T Ruddock, Institution of Civil Engineers,
Telford's Finest Highland Bridge, Christopher R Ford,
Perth & Kinross Libraries 2004
Tales of Argyll and the Isles, Walter Weyndling, Allan
Sutton Publishing 1996
the Leven, Gordon Burns, 2009
Sessions as Bridge Builders - Lochfoot & Twynholm,
Alex Anderson & James Williams, Transactions of
the Dumfries and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian
Society, Third Series, Vol. LXXXIII, 2009