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Resources on Old Scottish Roads

Discovery and Excavation in Scotland

Discovery and Excavation in Scotland (DES) is an annual survey of archaeological discoveries, excavation and fieldwork in Scotland. It is published by the Council for Scottish Archaeology and all volumes between 1947 and 2002 have now been made available as pdf files on the Archaeology Data Services (ADS) website. It is a valuable resource with numerous entries on roads.

An index to road-related entries is given below for the old counties up to 1976 and the Regional Councils up to 1989. The volumes from 1990 onwards each contain an index which can be found near the end of each volume. For convenience a link is provided from each local authority in the lists below to the main DES page where volumes are arranged by decade and then year. The page numbers below refer to the DES pages and not to the pdf pages.

An index by year (1947-1989) is also provided below.

Counties 1947-1976 Regional Councils
1977-1995

Unitary Councils
1996 - present

Angus Dumbarton Lanark Selkirk   Borders Lothian See index at end of each volume
Argyll Dumfries Mid-Lothian Stirling   Central Strathclyde
Ayr Edinburgh Peebles Sutherland   Dumfries & Galloway Tayside  
Banff Fife Perth West Lothian   Fife RCAHMS  
Berwick Inverness Renfrew Wigton   Grampian From 1990 see index at end of each volume  
Clackmannan Kirkcudbright Roxburgh   Highland  

County Councils 1947-1976

Angus

Year Page Topic   Year Page Topic
1956 2 Bridge of Cruik - Roman road (proved to be a river terrace)   1974 9 Meigle,Cardean, Roman Fort - roads associated with fort
1963 3 Caldhame Wood, Kirriemuir - Roman road        
1965 1 Caldhame Wood, Kirriemuir - Roman road        
2 Crieff Farm, Kirriemuir - roadways        

Argyleshire

Year Page

Topic

  Year Page Topic
1958 16 Allt nan Sac - Pack horse trail 1962 6 Ford, Loch Awe - mention of drove road from Ford to Salachay
1959 11 Iona - "Street of the Dead" 10 Iona - "Street of the Dead"
1960 21 Islay, High Neribus - ancient road from Portnashaven to Kilchoman Church 1963 10 2 miles NNW Kilfinnan - series of roads near an early settlement
1961 6 Carness - possibility of a hospice on pilgrim road up Glen Aray        
7 Dun Dubh - mention of drove road        
8 Inverliever, Loch Awe - mention of drove road        
56 Loch Glashan - causeway leading to island        

Ayrshire

Year Page Topic   Year Page Topic
1953 4, part 1 Investigation of possible Roman road by Field Study Group   1971 12 Outerwards- Largs, Roman road
1954 4, part 1 Reference to above investigation   Loudoun-Muirkirk?, Roman road
1959 19 Roman roads   1972 13 Roman road surveys, Loudoun - Muirkirk
1960 23 Old road near Dalwhatswood   -do- Muirkirk-Sanquhar road
1964 21 Roman road, south of the Kelly Burn at NS/209283   1973 17 Clyde-Nith Cross Road, Roman Road Surveys
1966 15 Kilwinning - Hunterston: The Avondale Roman Road   1974 24 Roman Road Surveys. The Clyde-Nith Cross Road
17 Loudoun Hill - Hollow ways   26 -do- . Ancient road
1970 12 Lurg-Largs Roman Road   1976 20 -do- .Fairlie Craig- Fairlie Glen
18 Stewarton, Blacklaw - holloway at fort   21 -do- . Loudoun Hill - Barochan

Banffshire

Year Page Topic
1964 23 Kingsford Bridge - mention of medieval fording point
1970 19 Boharm, Boat O'Brig - possible remains of medieval bridge
1973 20 Grange, Cottartown Moss - Corduroy Track

Berwickshire

Year Page Topic
1964 24 Dere Street

Clackmannanshire

Year Page Topic
1972 18 Bank Hill - hollow way
18 Between Sorrow and Care - old road

Dumbartonshire

Year Page Topic Year Page Topic
1967 24 High Balernock - mention of old drove road 1974 33 Carleith - road close to Antonine Wall
1970 22 Carleith - old road   34 Roman Road Surveys - The Clyde Crossing
1971 18 Carleith - Military Way   1975 22 Croy Hill, Antonine Wall-Roman fortlet - road
Carleith - bye-pass road   1976 28 Croy Hill, Antonine Wall, Roman Civil Settlement - mention of road

Dumfries

Year Page Topic   Year Page Topic
1947 2 Roman Road, Craik Cross   1959 23 Carzeild - Roman roads Eskdale, Craik Cross
3 Barburgh Mill Fortlet     38 Bridges at Caerlaverock Castle
1949 7 Road near Milton   1960 25 Bankhead - Possible Roman road
3rd rept 8 Road - Wardlaw towards Caerlaverock   26 Broomholm - Two old roads near Roman fort
12 Current & proposed work on Roman roads   27 Trohoughton - Possible Roman road
1949 8,9 Roman roads   1965 18 Twiglees - coin of 1592 found near old road
4th rept   19 Wauchope Bridge, Langholm - Pack horse bridge
1950 9 Roman road near Milton   1969 18 Torthorwald - mediaeval sunken way
1953 8,9 part 2 Roman roads   1970 22 Kirkconnel, Waterbeck - deserted village
1956 14 Broomholm Knowe - Ancient roads   1971 26 Urr, Courthill - Roman road
1957 14,15 Blacketlees, Annan - Old river crossing   1972 20 Kirkconnel - Roman road
1958 18 Smithton, Duncow - Old road from Clonfeckle   1974 74 Tinwald, Shieldhill, possible Roman fortlet - could lie on unlocated road linking Annandale and Nithsdale
19 Eskdale - Roman road        
  21 Unthank, Ewes - Mediaeval road        

Edinburgh

Year Page Topic
1966 26 Beechmount - old highway

Fifeshire

Year Page Topic
1969 29 Aberdour - Old North Road
1977 16 Canongate - old road
Mossmorran - track

Inverness-shire

Year Page Topic
1961 33 Soilshan - possible prehistoric route
1969 28 Wester Balblair, Beauly - mention of old road
1974 83 Crubenmore - old roads
1976 36 Tomatin - old roads

Kirkcudbrightshire

Year Page Topic
1951 10 Craignurie - tracks
1960 29 Fleuchlarg - three old roads, one possibly Roman
1968 Stroangassel - mention of pack road to Ayr
1969 30 Dalshangen Cross - 10th/11th century wayside cross

Lanarkshire

Year Page Topic   Year Page Topic
1954 11
part 2
Castledykes - road   1971 59 (RCAHMS) Cleghorn, Lanark - Roman road
1955 18 Castledykes - road   1972 24 Roman road surveys
1966 34 Roman road 1973 35,36 Roman road surveys - Clyde-Nith cross road
47 Supposed Roman road from Castledykes to Roberton 36 East Kilbride, Mains Castle - hollow way
1968 50 Bothwellhaugh - mention of road leaving fort 71 Kirkwood, Culter - old road
1969 33 Ellrig - Muir Road to High Alderstocks 1975 33 East Kilbride, Bankfield - possible road
1970 31 Bellshill - Roman road   1976 41 Stonehouse, Dykehead Farm - Roman road
64 (RCAHMS) Castledykes - Roman road        

Mid-Lothian

Year Page Topic
1957 21/22 Corstorphine - old road from Colinton to Cramond
1958 22 Corstorphine - possible Roman road
1959 26 Cramond - road
1965 26 Dere Street
1972 29 Kirkliston - Roman milestone
1973 64 Edinburgh, mediaeval burgh - mediaeval road

Peeblesshire

Year Page Topic
1977 27 Meldon Bridge - Roman road

Perthshire

Year

Page Topic   Year Page Topic
1952 4, part 1 Mediaeval roads near Perth; Coronation Road, Falkland-Scone   1969 35

Comrie to Ardeonaig (Loch Tay) - old road

1953 13,14 part 2 Roadways near Bochastle fort   38 Parkneuk, Innerpeffray - Roman road
1959 28 East Lix, Killin -settlement with old roads   1970 39 Ardoch Roman Fort & Annexe - Roman road
1963 41 Tomtayewan, Grandtully - old road near deserted village   1971 35 Kinbuck Moor - Roman road (Dunblane - Ardoch)
1964 36 Strathtay - track from Shenavail to deserted village of Rawer   57 (DoE) Roman Road, Kirkhill, Gask Ridge
40 Gask Ridge - Roman road   1972 33 Trinity Gask, Roundlaw - mention of Roman road
1965 30 Comrie- Braco Road   1973 39,40 Lochearnhead, Glen Ogle - old road
31 Killin - Ardeonaig Road   41 Lake of Menteith - Roman fort and possible road
1967 37 Loch Tay to Glen Lyon - old road   70 Almond Bridge, Redgorton - Bertha Roman Fort (remains of possible road)
38 Drumcharrig - hollow-way beside shielings   1974 51 Shielhill - Roman road near to signal tower
39 Garth, Fortingall - hollow-way near deserted settlement   1976 48 Bochastle-Lake of Menteith - Roman road surveys
1968 28 Parkneuk, Innerpefray - mention of Gask Ridge Roman road   1977 29 Calvine to Drummochter Summit - old roads
29 Glen Lyon to Loch Rannoch - old road        

Renfrewshire

Year Page Topic Year Page Topic
1954 13 part 2 Hollow ways, Lurg Moor   1970 42 Stonebyres, Eaglesham - track
1955 25 Lurg Moor - road   43 Lurg-Largs; Greenock-Inverkip - Roman road system
1957 31 Green Water, Hillside Farm - road and ford   1971 36 Kilmacolm, Whitemoss - Roman road surveys
1962 38 Knapps Homestead, Houston - mention of mediaeval highway Paisley-Johnstone-Duchal   1972 36 Knockmountain, Lurg Moor - Roman road
1963 43 Greenock - Inverkip parishes Roman road   1973 46 Kilmacolm, Whitemoss - Roman Road System - track
45 "Covenanter's Stone", Moyne Moor - mention of 18th century coach road   1974 57 Roman Road Surveys - The Clyde Crossing
1964 45 Inverkip parish - Roman road   1975 48 Mearns, Faulds - old road
1968 36 Walls Hill - causeway   1976 53 Hugh Overmuir, Ayrshire-Myres, Renfrewshire - Roman road surveys
37 Eaglesham, Longwood - roadway   54 Barytes mine - track
38 Eaglesham Moor - Bennan Hill   54 Lurg Moor, Roman Fortlet - causeway
1969 13 Blackhouse Moor Ridge - mention of Roman road   55 Kilmacolm - track

Roxburghshire

Year Page Topic
1947 4 Brownhart Law Signal Station

Selkirkshire

Year Page Topic
1952 16 part2 Possible Roman road between Oakwood and Newstead

Stirlingshire

Year Page Topic   Year Page Topic
1948 10 Roman road near Camelon   1972 39 St Ninians, Snabhead - Roman road
1949 13 Planned excavations - Roman road north of Camelon   40 Stirling - Roman road
1950 15 Roman road north of Camelon   40 Seabegs - Military Way
1952 14 part 2 Road near Larbert Viaduct   1974 64 Camelon North Fort - road
1959 42 West Plean - Roman road   65 Stirling - Roman road
1962 41 St Ninians - possible road   1975 53 Rough Castle - Military Way
46 Stenhouse building site - possible road   53 Stirling, ditch - mention of Roman road
46 Seabegs - Military Way   1976 63 Roman Road Surveys
1967 52 Lauriston - Roman road   1977 34 Camelon Roman Forts - roads
1971 42 Stirling - Roman road   36 Castlecary, Garnhall Farm & Seabegs Wood entries - mention of Military Way

Sutherland

Year Page Topic
1972 44 Balnakeil - drove road

West Lothian

Year Page Topic
1957 36 Mount Hooly - old road, possibly Roman
1973 58 Inveravon, Search for Roman Structures - possible remains of a bridge/barrier
1974 67 Carriden - Roman road
68 Nether Kinneil, Antonine Wall, Ditch & Military Way
1977 38 Carriden to Blackness - Roman road
Abercorn - old road

Wigtonshire

Year Page Topic
1960 41 Longcastle - possible Roman road

 

Regional Councils 1977-1995
Roads entries shown to 1989; thereafter
see index at end of each volume

Borders

Year District Page Topic
1984 Roxburgh 2 Dunion Hill: Fort,Houses,Walls - roadway
1985 Ettrick & Lauderdale 1 Bishop's House - probable 18th century cobbled road
1988 Ettrick & Lauderdale 7 Ettrick Head & Selcoth Burn - Roman road
-do- Scroof Hill - Roman road, probable
Roxburgh 8 The Street - early road, dual
-do- Corbie Shank of Causeway Grain Head - early road
Tweeddale Hamilton Hill, Edston Hill - mines & mineral road
-do- 9 South Hill Head - Roman road
1989 Ettrick & Lauderdale 7 Caddon Water - Roman road

Central

Year District Page Topic
1981 Falkirk 6 Callendar Park, Antonine Wall - mention of Military Way
1982 Falkirk 4 Rough Castle, Field System - road
-do- 5 Callendar Park, Antonine Wall - Military Way
Stirling 7 Touchadam, Motte - causeway
1983 Stirling 3 Malling-Bochastle - Roman road survey
1984 Stirling 3 Port of Menteith - Roman Road Surveys
-do- 4 Doune, Roman Fort - mention of route for Roman road
Falkirk 47 Roman Road Survey - Castlecary area
1985 Falkirk 5 Kempen Avenue - possible line of Military Way
  Stirling 10 Roman Road Survey - Drumquhassle Fort-Malling Fort; Malling Fort; Malling Fort-Bochastle Fort; Bochastle Fort-Dalginross Fort
1989 Falkirk 8 Seabegs Place - Military Way
Stirling 10 Buchlyvie - military road; Roman road (probable)
-do- Glen Arklet Military Road - culverts

Dumfries & Galloway

Year District Page Topic
1979 3 Aerial reconnaissance, Solway Survey - mention of trackways
1981 Stewartry 8 Gatehouse of Fleet - Roman Road Survey
1984 Wigton 5 Glenquicken Moor, Roman Road Surveys - Corse of Slake Road examined
Annandale & Nithsdale 6 Barnhill, Roman Temporary Camp & Fortlet - mention of Roman road
1988 Nithsdale 10 Roman Road Survey - The Nith Road
1989 Annandale & Eskdale 11 Annan, 3 Bridgend - river crossing
Nithsdale 12 Carronbridge, cropmark site - mention of quarry pits possibly marking line of road
-do- 12 Sanquhar - Roman Road Survey
Stewartry 13 Dalry Parish - old road

Fife

Year District Page Topic
1983 NE Fife 9 Lower Kenly, Bishop's Manor - possible approach road
1984 Kirkcaldy 7 Easter Balbeggie Farm - wayside marker

Grampian

Year District Page Topic
1980 Banff & Buchan 8 Doolie Bridge, Depopulated Settlement - sunken track
Kincardine & Deeside 13 Glenmuickle, Depopulated Settlement - sunken track
1981 Kincardine & Deeside 14/15 Castlehill of Strachan - ford
1984 Moray 12 Bellie, Roman Marching Camp - mention of linear crop mark
1988 Gordon 14 Wardhouse, Fermtoun Survey - hollow way
-do- Castle of Wardhouse - bridge, approach road to castle
1989 Kincardine & Deeside 22 Netherton - trackways, banks
-do- 24 Auchenhove - possible trackway

Highland

Year District Page Topic
1979 Inverness 16 Inverness, Castle Street - cobbled roads
-do- 17 Glen Truin; Granish; Aviemore - old roads
1981 Badenoch & Strathspey 17 Drummochter; Balavil; Kincraig - old roads
1988 Badenoch & Strathspey 15 Ortunan - masonry bridge

Lothian

Year District Page Topic
1978 Edinburgh 15 Cramond - road
1979 -do- 19 Cramond - road
1980 -do- 20 Cramond Roman Fort - mention of road
-do- 21 Leith, Bernard Street - cobbled road surface
1982 -do- 16 Cramond Roman Fort - road
  East Lothian   St Germains, Enclosure - track
1983 Edinburgh 17 Cramond Roman Fort - road
1986 -do- 19 Cramond Roman Fort - Roman road
1989 -do- 51 Cramond - road
West Lothian 54 Niddry Castle, Medieval Field Systems, Cultivation Terraces (possible) and sunken roads

Strathclyde

Year District Page Topic Year District Page Topic
1979 East Kilbride 35 Cathkin Muir - road remains   1985 Clydesdale 38 Blackhouse Burn - trackways
Strathkelvin 40 Balmuildy - Roman bridge   -do- 40 Collielaw Farm - Roman road
1981 Argyll & Bute 34 Corra Farm - ancient road and hollow way   Dumbarton 42/43 Inverbeg to Tarbert - old road
1980 Dumbarton 35 Old Kilpatrick-Dumbarton - Roman Road Survey   Eastwood 44 Patterton - Old Stewarton Road
1982 Strathkelvin 29 Summerston - Roman bridge   Kyle & Carrick 48 Kirkmichael Parish - Roman Road Survey
1983 Argyll & Bute 24 Drinliath, Recessed Platforms - mention of track   1986 Argyll & Bute 28 Minard - former ferry buildings
-do- 25 Taynuilt, Building Foundations - mention of trackway   Cumnock & Doon 33 Roman Road Survey (New Cumnock Parish)
Cumbernauld & Kilsyth 28 Tollpark, Antonine Wall - Military Way   1987 Clydesdale 45 Paddy's Rickle Bridge - Roman road
1984 Glasgow 25 Glasgow, St James Road - old road   Cumbernauld & Kilsyth 46 Westerwood, Antonine Wall, Military Way and Civil Settlement
Cunninghame 29 Tarbert Hill - mention of track   Cumnock & Doon 46 Roman Road Survey (Muirkirk Parish)
Eastwood 29/30 Roman Road Survey - road/old road   Eastwood 49 Greenbank - old road
Inverclyde 32 Loch Thom - Roman road   1988 Argyll & Bute 21 Mull - tracks
Kyle & Carrick Dailly, Maybole, Kirkoswald parishes - Roman Road Survey, summary   Cumbernauld & Kilsyth 24 Westerwood - Military Way
Clydesdale 47 Roman Road Survey - Castledykes to Loudoun Hill   Inverclyde 24 Inverkip Parish - possible medieval road & Roman road
          1989 Cumnock & Doon 59 New Cumnock - ancient road

Tayside

Year District Page Topic
1979 Perth & Kinross 42 Calvine to Drummochter Summit - old roads
-do- 46 Parks of Aldie, Deserted Medieval Village - tracks
1982 Perth & Kinross 33 Wester Drumatherty - Roman road
-do- Quoigs - Roman road
-do- 34 West Haugh of Tullimet - old roads
City of Perth Stanners Island - mediaeval bridge footing, possible
1983 Perth & Kinross 37 Wester Drumatherty - Inchtuthill Quarry Road
1984 Perth & Kinross 38 Wester Drumatherty - Inchtuthill Quarry Roads
Angus 62 Roman Road Survey - Cardean Fort-Inverquharrity Fort
1985 Perth & Kinross 51/52 Roman Road Survey: Bochastle Fort-Dalginross Fort; Dalginross Fort-Strageath Fort&/orKaims Castle Fortlet; Dalginross Fort-Fendoch Fort &/or Bertha Fort; Fendoch Fort-Bertha Fort &/or Inchtuthill Fortress; Bertha Fort-Cardean Fort
1987 Perth & Kinross 56 Calvine - masonry bridge (2 items)

RCAHMS

Year District Page Topic
1980 44 Aerial Survey - section of Dere Street adjacent to Elginhaugh Roman Fort
1982 36 Aerial Survey - mention of Roman road Dunblane-Bertha and possible crossing point of River Teith at Ochtertyre

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