Home >Miscellaneous>Mediaeval Roads:Evidence from Charters >West Lothian













West Lothian

Newbattle Register, Charter 308, Page 281. Date 1500 (Newbattle Register)

Route between Linlithgow and West Binning in 1500. Based on quarter inch OS map, sheet 27, 1913

This charter dates from 1500 and says:
....our lands of Westbinning called Abbotsland, with pertinents, lying in the village and lands of Westbynning in the sherrifdom of Linlithgow between the ecclesiastical lands of Binning and the croft occupied by William Penny on the west side and the common highway which goes to the burgh of Linlithgow on the eastern side with the common green on the south side and the land called the Howland on the north.....
....terras nostras de Westbinnig vocatur le Abbotisland • cum pertinens suis jacens in villa et territorio de Westbynnig et infra vicecomitatum de Linlithqw inter terras ecclesiasticas de Binnig et crofta quam occupat Willhelmus Penny ex parte occidente et comunem viam qua itur ad burgu de Linlithqw ex parte orientali et comunem le grein ex parte australi et terram vocatam le Howland ex boreali partibus.....

West Binning, now West Binny, lies about 3 miles south-east of Linlithgow and 1 mile north-west of Uphall. From the description and topography one would think the road would have taken a straight line to Linlithgow. It may have continued to Uphall where in fact it would have joined the route to the Monklands that had its origins with Newbattle abbey. Linlithgow was on the main road between Edinburgh and Stirling.

Books of Assumption of Thirds of Benefices (Newbattle Register, Page 329)

Kynpont is listed as a property of Newbattle at the time of the Reformation. The name means head of the bridge indicating that there had been a bridge here at one time. Kinpont is located one mile east of Broxburn.

The following extract is from "Strathbrock; or, The history and antiquities of the Parish of Uphall", Rev. J Primrose, 1898 - page 112
KILPUNT. As we pass now from Old East Mains, the farm to the south-east, albeit within the parish of Kirkliston, is that of Kilpunt, tenanted by Mr. Thomas Walker. Although the present farmhouse has somewhat of a venerable appearance, it must be remembered that the original Kilpunt stood to the north-west, in the croft now called Kilpunt Garden, and near the Broxburn, which is here fringed by aged trees. The two trees also that flourished till recently in the open field, to the east of this ancient site, were said to be all that remained of the avenue that approached the mansion of Kilpunt from the east, while the wall of stone and lime that formerly bounded the policies is still distinctly visible, although here and there somewhat dilapidated. This old Kilpunt is undoubtedly a house with a history. Its name is variously spelt in the ancient records Kenpunt, Kentpunt, Kinpont, Kynpont, and Kynpunt, and were we to conjecture its etymology, it seems to be the Gaelic for " bridgehead ", and this again suggests that away back in the past, perhaps in the days of the Roman occupation, there was a bridge erected here over the burn.