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Statistical Accounts of Scotland

Berwickshire

Old and New Statistical Accounts

Abbey of St Bathan’s Coldstream Fogo Langton Polwarth
Ayton Cranshaws Foulden Lauder Swinton and Simprin
Bonkle and Preston Dunse Gordon Legerwood Westruther
Channelkirk Earleston Greenlaw Longformacus Whitsom and Hilton
Chirnside Eccles Hume Mertoun  
Cockburnspath Edrom Hutton Mordington  
Coldingham Eyemouth Ladykirk Nenthorn  

Click on parish for text 
WhitsomeWestrutherSwintonPolwarthNenthornMordingtonMertounLongformacusLegerwoodLauderLangtonHumeLadykirkHuttonGreenlawGordonFouldenFogoEyemouthEdromEcclesEarlstonDunsCranshawsColdstreamColdinghamCockburnspathChirnsideChannelkirkBonkle and PrestonAitonAbbey St Bathan's

The OSA references below are to the Edina site. In most cases they are to the main entry on roads for each parish but some additional links are provided to other relevant information. When Edina page appears go to browse scanned pages for the link.
Additional information about parishes can be found on the Vision of Britain site.
NSA references are to the GoogleBooks site, usually to the means of communication section. There may be other passing references to roads in a parish account.

Abbey of St Bathan’s
Abbey St Bathans
Abbey St Bathans - the village is on the Southern Upland Way
OSA
There used to be an old Cistercian nunnery here - this was a cell of South Berwick (i.e. Berwick).

NSA

There is a legend that the nuns had an underground passage below the Whiteadder over to the church of Strafontane.
Roads fairly reasonable but hilly. There is a footbridge over the Whiteadder - there used  to be a boat here.
Coal is very expensive because of the distance it has to be carried.

Ayton
OSA
Ayton
Ayton

The post road has now been constructed, with tolls at each end of the county. Although it had been opposed, its benefits are making themselves felt. The statute labour is commuted. Roads are now made more economically ever since they were put up for auction.


It would be an advantage if the mail coach would drop the mail here for both Ayton and Eyemouth rather than at Berwick or Press in the parish of Coldingham). The village is on the post road and is 7 miles from Berwick.


There are two or three bridges.



NSA
There is a post office here. The London road and the Eyemouth to Ayton road are both excellent. Three coaches run each day to Edinburgh and Newcastle.
There is an old bridge which collapsed a few years ago - it was on an old route to London.
As the parish is the first in Scotland it receives large numbers of poor people, often unwell or infirm, who have been sent back from England to their parish. In some cases the county will not pay for them to be moved on and this parish has to look after them if they are not to die on the street. There are also large numbers of Irish and others travelling through who often approach the manse and the schoolmaster for help.
Bonkle and Preston
OSA
There is a copper mine at Hoardwell. In 1775 a great flood destroyed all the bridges except that at Preston.
They are now rebuilt but at great expense.
Sheep driven to Morpeth.
No begging poor are allowed in the county and two constables ensure that gypsies, tinkers, beggars etc are
arrested and taken to the nearest JP. After a few days in jail they are expelled from the county in the direction
of their own parishes.
Coal brought 15 miles from Northumberland along very poor roads. This is done in the summer when the
Tweed is fordable.
Roads and bridges are better than most other parts of the county as there is not much traffic, materials are
readily available and the statute labour is properly applied. Roads elsewhere in the county are bad beyond
expression.

NSA
The roads are good - they are paid for by the conversion money.
The nearest market town is Duns.

Channelkirk
OSA; see also Girthgate
Although peat and turf was formerly used for fuel, the improved roads now allow coal to be brought in
from 12 miles away more cheaply. There is a market at Dalkieth, some 14 miles away; carts return with
coal or lime. Butcher meat can be obtained from Dalkeith and sometimes Lauder which is 6 miles away.
The Girthgate was maintained by the monks from Melrose as their way to Edinburgh passes through the west
of the parish. It is a broad green path, free of the heath that grows on either side (see photo). There is an old ruin on this road called Restlaw Haw where it is said monks and pilgrims rested - it is halfway between Edinburgh
and Melrose.
The Edinburgh to Lauder post road is advantageous and is in good repair.
(see also Melrose parish entry for Girthgate)

NSA
There is a road with a ruin where pilgrims to Melrose used to stay.
The Edinburgh to Newcastle road is just finished and is on a new line.
The bye-roads are in good condition and are financed by a rate on horses.
There is a post office at Lauder, 5 miles away. Coal comes from 10 miles away, along an excellent road.


Chirnside
OSA
Chirnside
Chirnside

Dr Webster’s report of 1755 mentions carriers between Berwick, Chirnside and Edinburgh once a week. Fairs at Duns and Berwick. The writer suggests that there was a Roman road in the area or at least that they kept near the sea as mentioned in Tacitus and may have had a camp at Chesterknowes. In the 1580’s the Wardens of the March met at Houden Flank and the Bounden-Road.

NSA

There are 6½ miles of turnpike in reasonable condition. The cross roads are also good.
A bridge is to be built over the Whiteadder at Bluestone ford. Fuel is brought from Northumberland.


Cockburnspath
OSA
Coal used to be worked in the parish.
The Press The old road to Berwick
Press The old road over Coldingham Moor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Post office, formerly at Auldcambus, is now at the Press in Coldingham parish.

Fish taken to Musselburgh. As part of an attempt to build a harbour at the Cove, a road was cut through rock to access the shore. Carts still use this and pass underground for about 60 yards.

The Edinburgh to Berwick road passes through the parish as does the road from Dunbar to Duns.

Another road is being built to make an easy and shorter route between East Lothian and Berwickshire. It will run along a valley near Renton (note: as this is near Grantshouse the road was probably the precursor of the A1 hereabouts - the old road ran directly over Coldingham Moor to Ayton). There are also a number of roads that lead to the shore where sea weed is gathered for manure.

The post road crosses Dunglass Burn by an old bridge, then another stream at the Tower by a bridge built in 1786 and then the Pease by another bridge also built in 1786. These two bridges avoid the dangerous route taken by the old road.

For details of Dunglass Burn bridges see Canmore entries; for Pease Bridge see here

Area between Dunglass and Old Cambus. From 1" OS map, Sheet 34, 1903. With thanks to O.S.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NSA
There is a daily runner to Dunbar for the post.
The Edinburgh-Berwick-London road passes through and much of it here is newly built. The older road went nearer to the coast, going over an old and inconvenient bridge and over the Pease Bridge, built in 1785-86, to let travellers avoid a dangerous pass near the sea. Part of the old road here can still be seen - it is very steep. The mail used to go by this road on horseback; the post office being at Old Cambus. The new line now leaves the old road at Cockburnspath Tower, ½ mile west of Pease Bridge and goes along the Eye valley past Renton. It is an excellent road.

Pease Bridge - cleck for  larger image

 

 

 

 

 

Dunglass Old Bridge - click for larger image

Pease Bridge built 1785/86 - click for larger image Dunglass Old Bridge, c.1600 - click for larger image

There are four notable bridges, two of which are over Dunglass Dean - one is very old. Two miles east at the old castle of Cockburnspath there is another very attractive bridge and the Pease Bridge, 1½ miles east of the village is very striking.
Other roads are generally good.
Two coaches run each day between Edinburgh and Newcastle, and there is a daily coach from Edinburgh to Berwick.
Coal is brought by sea from south of Berwick and landed at the Cove in this parish or at Skateraw in Innerwick Parish.
Note: See Angus Graham, Archaeology on a Great Post Road for details of these bridges and the Edinburgh to Berwick road generally.


Coldingham
OSA
Fish landed at Eyemouth pass through on their way to Duns, Kelso and Edinburgh.
Coldingham Priory
Coldingham Priory, restored in the 19th century. For further information see The History of St Ebba and Coldingham Priory.

There was an old monastery, dating to before the Normans. It was settled from Durham in 1098.
Coal brought 14 miles from Northumberland.
Prior to 1772 when the statute labour required people to work on the roads, very little was done and that in a slovenly manner. A turnpike act was applied for in 1772 along with permission to commute the statute labour to a monetary payment, and the money raised has helped greatly to improve the roads. The impetus for this came when landowners found that the roads were so poor that people were continually trespassing on their newly formed enclosures. Initially much of the money was spent in maintaining the great post road which was in very poor condition so it was felt necessary to apply for a separate turnpike act for that road as well as a bridge over the Pease Burn. The post road is now very good and traffic has increased. The conversion money is £140 per year and should be sufficient to keep the roads in good repair.
Note: The monastery had extensive holdings throughout this part of the Borders - this would presumably entail frequent journeys to these places.

NSA

Coldingham
Centre of Coldingham

The nearest market is Eyemouth, 2 1/2 miles away. A daily post runs between Coldingham and Ayton.


The London road runs for 9 miles through the parish, with three coaches daily. Fifty three miles of parish roads are maintained from the statute labour conversion funds of £160.


Fairs are held twice a year but are very poorly attended.


Coal is brought from Eyemouth and Berwick.



Coldstream
OSA
Twenty carters in the town.
The London - Berwick; Berwick - Kelso; and Duns - Northumberland roads pass through.
A proposal for a canal is presently being discussed.

NSA
There is a weekly market for corn and a monthly market for sheep and cattle.
The London to Edinburgh curricle passes through each day - there is also a daily post to nearby counties.
There are 8 miles of turnpike and 22 miles of parish road.
Three coaches pass on the Edinburgh to Newcastle road each day and two between Kelso and Hawick.
In Coldstream there is a five arch bridge and one other bridge.
Coal comes from nearby collieries in England.
Irregular marriages are carried out on Coldstream bridge by "persons of the lowest and most worthless character."

Cranshaws
Church at Cranshaws
Cranshaws church

OSA
The parish is in two parts, separated by part of Longformacus. The church is 5 miles away from the larger part of the parish.
In winter sheep used to be driven to lower ground for hay but turnips are now available.
Lime brought 16 or 17 miles on very bad roads.

NSA
Peat and turf used for fuel.
To improve the parish a three mile stretch of road should be built from near the manse up to the head of the Whiteadder.

 


Dunse
OSA; also Post Office
There are carriers to Edinburgh, Kelso, Dunbar, Eyemouth and Berwick. Hides sent to Haddington.
The statute labour has been set at 7/6 for a horse and 3/- for a householder.
There are two turnpikes from Edinburgh to London; one runs by Greenlaw and Coldstream, the other by the Press (Coldingham) and Berwick. There is concern that there are tolls on the roads used to bring in coal and lime. - these are brought in from Northumberland.
Three large fairs - cattle bought by English traders.
There is also concern about the post. Formerly it came by Oldcambus then was moved to the Press and more recently to Berwick which adds a penny to a letter. Kelso’s mail also comes from Berwick but they were successful in having the one penny surcharge removed. A similar petition from Dunse has been greeted with “sullen silence” by the Post Office. In addition, the local postmaster now refuses to deliver letters directly to houses as used to be done, and is demanding an extra (and illegal) payment. The response from the Post Office has been poor and legal action is now being considered.

NSA
There is a small weekly market in Duns but the main market is at Berwick. There are three fairs each year for cattle and horses and four quarterly markets for sheep.
There is a post each day to Lauder and Edinburgh and a daily coach to Edinburgh.

Earleston
OSA
The Edinburgh to Jedburgh turnpike passes at the west end of the village and the Edinburgh to London road via Kelso about one and a half miles to the east.
Meal and barley taken to Dalkeith and Edinburgh markets and coal and lime brought back on return.
Two fairs.

NSA
The nearest market town is Melrose. There is a post office in Earlston.
A road from Edinburgh to Kelso runs through the parish on which there is a daily coach in each direction.
There are two annual fairs for horses and cattle.
Coal is obtained near Dalkeith, 20 miles away.
There is a proposal to alter the road from Edinburgh to Kelso. It would also be of benefit if a road was made from Fans through the neighbouring parish of Gordon over to the Edinburgh turnpike.

Eccles
OSA
There is an old nunnery here.
Lime is carted 14 miles from Northumberland. During the summer, most farmers cart it in daily for the turnips and then the fallow. Wheat and barley sent to Berwick rather than Kelso as the returns are better.
It is a very prosperous and well cultivated parish with good roads.

NSA Birgham
Means of Communication
The placename Birgham refers to there having been an old bridge here.
There are local markets in Kelso, Coldstream and Berwick.
The Edinburgh to London mail road by Greenlaw passes through, as well as the Edinburgh to London road by Kelso and Berwick. Two coaches run between Berwick and Kelso. The turnpikes are in excellent condition - there are no tolls in the parish.
Fuel is brought from County Durham, 15 miles away.
Note: There was very likely a bridge here in Anglo-Saxon times as Birgham means bridge-settlement. See Scottish Borders Heritage site for further details.

Edrom
OSA
The roads have improved in the last 30 years and are now in reasonable repair. The statute labour conversion money totals £115 each year, with the rate being 7/6 for a horse and 1/6 for cottages. There are few or no tolls except on the post roads. Opinion is divided on turnpikes.

NSA

The nearest market town is Duns. There are regular deliveries of letters and newspapers from Duns and Ayton.
Twenty five miles of turnpike and parish roads. A coach runs to and from Berwick three times a week, sometimes more; there are also daily carriers. There is a coach each day from Duns to Edinburgh as well as carriers.
Chirnside Bridge is over the Whiteadder - one at Allanton is needed. There are two bridges over the Blackadder, the Mouth Bridge and at Kimmerghame. Also two wooden bridges.
There are corn markets in Duns and Berwick although some take their grain to Dunbar and Edinburgh and return with lime. Sheep and cattle are mostly taken to Morpeth but some go to Edinburgh and Dalkeith.

Eyemouth
OSA
Being a fishing port, goods are imported and exported. One nuisance is having to report every cargo to the Customhouse in Dunbar and get permission to load or unload.

NSA
Regular mail received from Ayton. Roads in the county are much improved. The parish has four miles of road, 2 3/4 are parish roads, the remainder turnpike.
The turnpike divides at Eyemouth Bridge and runs on the north and south banks of the Eye. Its bridges over the Eye and Ale are good. There is also a chain bridge over the Eye to Netherbyres.
Two annual fairs are held but no business is carried out at them.
Fuel is carried by road from Berwick and also by sea.
Although the roads are good it would be an advantage if a bridge were built over the Whiteadder somewhere between Chirnside and Hutton. This would make access to Tweedside easier and help support the recently established corn market there.

Fogo
OSA; also bridge
Generally the parish roads are poor and at least six miles of these are in very bad condition. There are insufficient funds to maintain the roads. There is an ancient bridge over the Blackadder at Fogo which is maintained by the county. It is the only bridge in the parish and is very useful as it is difficult to ford the river in winter. Coal brought from Northumberland. Both coal and lime are expensive.

NSA
There is a Roman camp at Chesters and what seems to have been a Roman causeway that may have led to this. It ran through a moss just to the south of the parish.
Two turnpikes (both Macadamised) pass through the parish. One goes to Berwick via the "Chain or Suspension" bridge to join the Edinburgh road east of Greenlaw; the other is from Coldstream to Duns. The first road runs for 4 miles through the parish, the other 2 miles. There are about 10 miles of other roads. The improved roads allow one horse to pull what used to take six horses.
There is an old bridge over the Blackadder near the church.
Easy access to coal and lime from Northumberland, 15 miles away.

Foulden
Foulden   The Cheviots from Foulden
The attractive village of Foulden   View of the Cheviots from Foulden
OSA
There are two annual fairs but only a few cattle and some wool are sold.
In the past this was a centre for selling shoes to Northumberland.
Since the turnpikes the roads are greatly improved.

NSA
The nearest market town and post office is Berwick. It is five miles to the nearest bridge over the Whiteadder but one is to be built soon at a cost of 2500L. There will be an associated road. There used to be 2 fairs but now there is only one, with no business carried out. Coal is brought from Berwick.
Gordon
OSA
Gordon
Gordon

The Edinburgh to London road via Greenlaw and Cornhill runs through the parish. Meal taken by cart to Edinburgh, Dalkeith, Musselburgh, Prestonpans etc. In the past, before the turnpike roads, this was taken on horseback. On the return journey, they carry coal, salt, lime, wood etc.
The statute labour requirement was converted into a monetary payment some 16-18 years ago but has not improved the parish roads which are very bad.

 


NSA
Kelso is the nearest market town, 8 miles away. The Edinburgh to Kelso road and the Earlston to Greenlaw roads run through the parish. Other roads are reasonably good. Peat and turf are mostly used as fuel - coal is very expensive having to come from 24 miles away.

Greenlaw
OSA
When agricultural improvements first began to be made, the roads were very bad. It was expensive to carry meal and grain on horseback to the Lothian markets and practically impossible in winter to traverse the roads, or as the writer says, “roads, or rather tracts”. With the building of the Edinburgh to London road, which runs through the parish, some 30 years ago, it is now easy to reach Dalkeith with grain etc and return with coals and lime. The roads to Berwick and Eyemouth, and the cross roads are much improved in recent years.

NSA
Regular markets and two fairs. There is a post office. Letters from London only take 40 hours and from Edinburgh, three and a half hours. There are 18 miles of good road. The statute labour has been converted. Edinburgh to Duns coach passes through each day. Coal comes 18/20 miles from Northumberland.

Hume
Although in Berwickshire, this is joined with Stitchill in Roxburghshire and is described there under the United Parishes of Stitchill & Hume.

Hutton
OSA; also tidal flow
The tide flows as far as Norham, ten miles from Berwick and 30 ton boats can reach New-Water Ford, six miles from Berwick. The roads are reasonable with one road leading from the west into Berwick being excellent. Several carters of coal and lime. The coal is brought from Northumberland. The crossroads will soon be improved as there are considerable funds available. The produce of an existing toll and one soon to be erected will be more than £300 per annum.

NSA
Edward I's army probably camped here in 1296 prior to his seige of Berwick. As it is a border parish there is smuggling of whisky into England. Some inhabitants remember when grain was taken to Berwick on horseback as the roads were too bad for carts. The roads are now much better.
Ladykirk
OSA
No specific mention of roads but passing references to coal, markets etc.

NSA
Coldstream is the nearest market town but most goods come weekly from Berwick. There is a branch post from Coldstream. One annual fair, mostly for linen and lintseed. Coal comes 5 miles from Durham.
Langton
OSA
Small farmers with carts carry coal and lime. They also deliver gravel and stones to the roads. Markets are Duns and Berwick. Coal is brought from Northumberland but it is expensive because of the distance and the poor roads.

NSA
Duns, 2 miles away, is the market town.

Lauder
OSA
Grain taken weekly to Edinburgh and Dalkeith.
Roads and bridges in good order. Income from tolls and statute labour. Turnpikes have helped improvements.
Peat was used for fuel in the past but coal is now brought in from 15 miles away using the turnpikes. Lime also is carted in.
There are markets in Edinburgh, Dalkeith, Kelso and Haddington.
Mention of a camp on Tollishill on road to Haddington and of the old road to Melrose.

NSA
Lauder itself is a market town, other nearby market towns are Kelso and Dalkeith. Corn is taken to Dalkeith and coal and lime carried on the return journey.
Post office with daily post from Edinburgh and London.
There are two turnpikes. One runs for 6 miles on the east side of the Leader and goes to Greenlaw, Duns and Berwick as well as Coldstream and Kelso. The other runs for 8 miles on the west side of the river and goes to Melrose and Jedburgh, and to Kelso by Earlston. There are 5 public carriages from Edinburgh to all these towns. There are 2 main bridges and several smaller ones, all in good condition.
Five annual fairs. Coal comes from Pathhead, 14 miles away. The roads are much improved and in the past only one coach went every two days to Edinburgh.
Legerwood
OSA;also coal & lime ; markets
Lime is carried on return journeys from Dalkeith market, otherwise it would be too expensive to obtain. Generally, with a couple of exceptions, the parish roads are very poor. Goods are brought from Edinburgh, Kelso, Dalkeith and Lauder.

NSA
The roads from Edinburgh to Kelso and to Hawick pass through. Post offices at Lauder and Earlston. Ten miles of parish roads, nine bridges. Coal comes from the Lothians.

Longformacus
OSA
References in passing - roads bad, markets far distant, some coal brought in but mostly peat etc. used as fuel.

NSA

The Haddington to Coldstream road and a road from East Lothian to Duns go through the parish but are badly maintained by the statute labour money which is raised on 20 ploughs and is quite inadequate. Roads generally are very bad.
Usual fuel is peat - coal very expensive as it comes from England.

Mertoun
OSA
One of the most public roads in the parish passes Bemersyde Hill.
For five months each year the roads are extremely bad, though improvements are hoped for. Coal and lime are 26 miles away. Butcher meat has to be obtained in Jedburgh, Kelso or Melrose. There are no carriers and everyone has to make their own arrangements for the most trivial items.

NSA
No turnpike, coaches or carriers. Daily post at Lessudden (St Boswell's). Although only 2 miles away there is no bridge and one has to travel an extra 2 miles to Dryburgh where there is a suspension bridge. Disadvantages are that the parish is 25 miles from coal and lime and that the only bridges are at Dryburgh, Kelso and Drygrange. A suspension bridge would be very convenient and would allow good connections between Selkirk and St Boswell's Green to Berwick.

Mordington
OSA
Lime and dung available from Berwick, four miles away. The great post road from Edinburgh to London by Berwick and Newcastle runs through the east side of the parish and the Duns to Berwick road runs on the south side. Turnpikes are proving very useful. In the past it was often difficult for carriages and horses to get through. The crossroads are improving. Statute labour is commuted. Excellent road to Berwick. Seven miles to coal on good roads.

NSA
As the parish is on the border, whisky smuggling takes place. The roads are patrolled by excise officers. Berwick is the market town; corn also sent to the market at Eyemouth. Wool is purchased by Yorkshire merchants. Cattle sold at Morpeth, Berwick and at a monthly market in Ayton. Two of the four public houses where spirits are sold are at toll bars. Coal comes from the Berwick collieries.

Nenthorn
OSA
No mention of roads - coal obtained from Lothian and England.

NSA
Kelso is the nearest market town although a lot of produce is taken to Dalkeith and Berwick because of the good roads, Coal, lime and bone-dust is carried on the return journey.
Two bridges have been built over the Eden, whereas before it had to be forded. Older people remember when two wheeled carriages had great difficulty travelling to Kelso in bad weather; now stagecoaches can travel on the road at 8 or 9 miles per hour.
A private post delivers letters and newspapers.
Peat has been replaced by coal from Lothian or Northumberland. Wood is also used.
Polwarth
OSA
No mention of roads - three carters in parish.

NSA
Nearest markets are Greenlaw and Duns. Roads good. The Duns to Edinburgh road passes through and there is a daily stagecoach. There are two carters in the parish.

United Parishes of Swinton and Simprin
OSA; see also ford
The clay soil makes it difficult to make and maintain good roads as any hard materials sink into the soil. As a result the roads are often “deep and miry”.
On hiring markets every Whitsunday, families can be seen removing or returning with all their furniture piled on carts.
Corn to Berwick and Eyemouth.
Coal is brought in from Northumberland but there is a dangerous ford over the Tweed where there have been many fatalities.
Bread brought in from Edinburgh, Berwick, Duns, Coldstream and Norham.
Statute labour commuted.
The threat of turnpikes and tollbars is “heartily abhorred” by locals.

NSA
Eight miles of turnpike in the parish and three bridges. No public carriages travel through. The roads are excellent and completely fenced. Two fairs are held each year though no longer used for trade. There is one inn in the village, used by travellers to and from Berwick. Coal is obtained in Northumberland, 10 miles away.

Westruther
OSA; see also
The London road by Coldstream runs for four miles through the parish before passing into Greenlaw parish. The area is improving because of the turnpikes which make access to manure and to markets easier although the poor crossroads remove some of the advantage.

NSA
The market towns are Lauder and Greenlaw. There is no post office but a local family, when resident here, send a courier to Lauder which benefits the whole parish.
The Edinburgh to Newcastle road passes through Hounslow and runs for 5 miles through the parish. The mail-curricle and the Edinburgh to Duns coach use it daily. Roads are good.
In 1745 there were no roads other than tracks as an old person remembers seeing troops fleeing Prestonpans searching for a way to Coldstream. A road was made from Whiteburn to Kelso in 1800 and from there to Duns the following year. There are now 15 miles of turnpike and three bridges.

United Parishes of Whitsom and Hilton
OSA
Minimal references to roads: mention of the farm of Wynnefield being near a public road; road money collected by the schoolmaster; corn, eggs, poultry etc are taken to Berwick.

NSA
The nearest markets are at Duns, Coldstream and Berwick.
There is a weekly carrier to Duns, Edinburgh and Berwick. Post is taken to Swinton, 3 miles away.
There are 12 5/8 miles of parish roads, 3 ½ of these under trust. The statute labour conversion money amounts to £54.1.6 and is levied on 19 masters at 3/-, 55 servants at 3/-, 13 cottagers at 1/6, 108 horses at 7/6 and 8 mares in foal at 3/9.
In the past streams flowed across roads but small bridges and culverts have now been made.
Coal comes from Northumberland.

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Interesting Points

Abbey St Bathan’s
It is said that the nuns of the convent here had a tunnel under the Whiteadder to a nearby church.

Ayton
An old bridge collapsed some time ago. As the first parish in Scotland it receives large numbers of poor people, often unwell or infirm, who have been sent back from England to their parish. If the county refuses to pay for them to be moved on this parish has to look after them, if they are not to die on the street.

Bonkle & Preston
In 1775 a great flood destroyed all the bridges except that at Preston. Gypsies, tinkers, beggars etc are arrested and after a few days in jail they are expelled from the county in the direction of their own parishes.

Channelkirk
An old road called the Girthgate was maintained by the monks from Melrose and used on their journeys to Edinburgh. The monks and pilgrims had a resting point at an old ruin called Restlaw Haw.

Chirnside
There may have been a Roman camp and road in this parish.

Cockburnspath The old road was very steep and dangerous.

Coldstream Irregular marriages are carried out on Coldstream bridge by "persons of the lowest and most worthless character."

Duns
The local postmaster now refuses to deliver letters directly to houses as used to be done, and is demanding an extra (and illegal) payment.

Eyemouth Permission has to be granted by the Customhouse in Dunbar before a cargo can be landed or loaded here.

Fogo
There is a Roman camp at Chesters and what seems to have been a Roman causeway that may have led to this. It ran through a moss just to the south of the parish.

Hutton
As it lies on the Border, whisky is smuggled into England.

Swinton & Simprin
There is a dangerous ford over the Tweed where there have been many fatalities. The threat of turnpikes and tollbars is "heartily abhorred" by locals.

Whitsom & Hilton
In the past streams flowed across roads but small bridges and culverts have now been made.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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